It all started with an electronic bulletin board — one computer on one scientist’s desk. Now, more than two decades later, arXiv is a driving force in scientific communication. It draws in thousands of researchers every day, operating with a permanent staff and a $1M budget. Read more.
Science in the Classroom is an excellent resource for university professors who want to integrate the latest breaking research into their lesson plans. The project consists of a team of editors from the world-renowned journal Science, who work with an advisory board of scientists and science teachers to produce content designed for the classroom. On the site, readers may click on either High School or University to choose their target audience. Topics may be divided into Physical or Biological sciences (or choose "Any" to peruse all articles). Discussion questions are listed throughout. In addition, each article is accompanied by Activities and Teaching Resources, which can be downloaded as PDF files.
The Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) studies some important and perplexing questions: What is dark energy? Can we use wind to power whole cities? How do the smallest biological structures interact with one another? Physics of the Universe, the BNL's web page dedicated to the institution's physics experiments, is particularly fascinating. Readers may explore the page via three "frontiers:" the Energy Frontier, which delves into work at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland; the Intensity Frontier, which explains data gathered at the Daya Bay Neutrino Experiment in China; and the Cosmology Frontier, which gives an overview of some of the work being done at the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope in Chile. Physics Research News covers projects and bios, particularly those related to women doing research at Brookhaven.
The Digital Einstein Papers is "an open-access site for The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, the ongoing publication of Einstein's massive written legacy comprising more than 30,000 unique documents. The site presents all 13 volumes published to date by the editors of the Einstein Papers Project, covering the writings and correspondence of Albert Einstein (1879-1955) from his youth to 1923. The volumes are presented in the original language version with in-depth English language annotation and other scholarly apparatus. In addition, the reader can toggle to an English language translation of most documents. The site will present subsequent volumes in the series roughly two years after original book publication." [Chronicle of Higher Education, Dec.5, 2014]
The Adler Planetarium's collections are now available for searching online in a new database. All of their instruments, works on paper, archives, and books are searchable. There's a small collection of journals also. Use: http://www.adlerplanetarium.org/collections/ to explore.
The Particle Adventure is an award-winning site from the Particle Data Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory abounds with information on particle physics. Featuring interactive tours of quarks, neutrinos, antimatter, extra dimensions, dark matter, accelerators, and particle detectors, the content can be read in 16 languages, including Chinese, Norwegian, and Czech. From the homepage, navigate to one of five main categories - The Standard Model, Higgs Boson, Accelerators and Particle Detectors, Exploring Unsolved Mysteries, and Particle Decays and Annihilations. Within each of the five categories, scroll through interactive slide shows to beef up your knowledge of everything subatomic.