This article, just published in Nature Genetics, outlines a common standard for data tagging currently in use in several diverse databases: Toward interoperable bioscience data Nature Genetics 44:121–126 (2012) doi:10.1038/ng.1054 Published online 27 January 2012. "Although ongoing activities hold promise, they are a drop in the ocean compared to the daunting challenges ahead: for example, the integration of clinical and biological data in translational medicine and the establishment of mechanisms to support credit for data sharing, which would benefit data producers for making their data accessible." More info on the ISI metadata tracking framework. News story: Researchers agree on standard for data sharing across the world.
The science of better science, by Gregory Goth. Communications of the ACM 55(2):13-15, Feb. 2012. This article talks a bit about some uses for VIVO, which is a system that has been implemented for WU medical faculty, but not yet all of WU. "Researchers are exploring networked computational analysis, formal classification, and topic modeling to better identify relevant scientists, ideas, and trends."
For fun you may be interested in these videos: Doodling in Math Class: Spirals, Fibonacci, and Being a Plant